Our Therapeutic Approaches 

Cognitive behavioural therapy CBT

Supporting and helping students can be achieved through a variety of therapeutic approaches.


KCS counsellors are trained in Integrative Therapy - a combined therapeutic approach that pulls together multiple therapeutic models, thus allowing support to be adaptable and most effective.


At the heart of our counselling we use a Person-Centred  approach - forming the foundation from which other approaches are introduced.


Person-Centred Counselling – The core of our approach

What is person-centred counselling?

The basis of person-centred counselling is understanding that the solutions to the challenges students are facing already lie within them, and can be realised with the help of a counsellor. An essential therapeutic approach that assists students in moving closer to reaching their highest potential as individuals.


How person-centred counselling works


Also referred to as person-centred therapy or client-centred therapy, with its main principles being;



  • Through empathic attunement can we understand why the student is behaving and feeling the way they are. The counsellor is able to “see through the eyes” of their client, creating a sense of validation and trust.




  • Having built a strong therapeutic relationship counselling helps develop personal power and resilience for clients, enabling new choices and decisions. 

Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

Therapeutic approaches, modalities & tec

What is CBT therapy?

CBT is a form of talk therapy based on the premise that our thoughts and feelings can affect our behaviours. Through the process of developing self awareness we can learn how to manage unhelpful behavioural responses.

How CBT works

Uncovering learned behaviours, habits, and negative thought patterns can be empowering. Using methods such as journal writing, reframing of thoughts and practicing new responses really help students to shift and move forward.


Solution-Focused Therapy (SFT)

Solution-focused therapy, SFT, SFBT

What is solution-focused therapy?

SFT can use goal-setting to create the solutions to the challenges clients are facing. 

How SFT works

SFT, also known as Solution-Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT), helps clients clearly define their current challenge or issue.  Students are encouraged to set a clear, future orientated goals and focus on ideal outcomes. Imagining what the future can look like, whilst planning the necessary steps so that goals can be achieved.


SFBT can also provide feedback about the things that haven't worked well historically, allowing new choices to be made.

Psychodynamic Therapy

Psychodynamic therapy

What is psychodynamic therapy?

Psychodynamic therapy is another form of talk therapy, a briefer adaptation of the more in-depth therapy called psychoanalysis. This model helps by looking back into a clients past experiences, in order that their present behaviours and moods can be better understood. By understanding more about the past, and therefore the unconscious influences that are in play, clients can be helped to cope more effectively with projections they experience. 

How psychodynamic therapy works

Also known as psychodynamic counselling and sometimes referred to as insight-oriented therapy, sessions involve the student and counsellor working through and examining unresolved conflicts and difficulties from the past. Helping create links between the past and unwanted thought patterns and habits.

Art Therapy

Art therapy

What is art therapy?

The medium of art as a means of expression supports the physical, emotional, and mental wellbeing of students.

How art therapy works

There are 3 components of art therapy – the artist (the student), the artwork, and the therapist. The art therapist will choose  specific materials designed to stimulate a range of sensory responses. Generating spontaneous imagery can help clients to freely connect with emotions and express feelings. 

This can be a powerful process for helping to process overwhelming past experiences, allowing clients to organize their feelings and create a story about what happened. This model of therapy works particularly well for younger clients.  

Play Therapy

Play therapy

What is play therapy?

Play therapy enables a child’s natural form of creative expression and acts as a communication mechanism. Through play children are able to make more sense of, and help process the way they feel, as well as interpret the world around them.

How play therapy works

Therapeutic play happens in a playroom that contains a play therapy toolkit. Typically, the toolkit consists of various toys, story books, instruments, different types of artistic materials, dolls and puppets, etc. 

The client is free in terms of how they wish to play and might explore certain themes, or work with particular contents of the toolkit in a specific way. They can also experience lots of fun!



What is mindfulness?

Mindfulness is simply having a clear awareness of the present moment we are experiencing. Being in a mindful state allows clients to be fully here, right now. The opposite of mindfulness is where we are either mentally projected into the past or future.

How mindfulness works

When we practice mindfulness we enter a light meditative state that allows us to become tuned to the present moment. By simply becoming aware of the sensations present in our bodies, and shifting attention to breathing we become mindful. When thoughts wander off, just effortlessly bring the back focused back to the breath.

With regular mindfulness practice, students and staff report becoming much calmer, focused and centred.



How the Counselling Service Operates as an In-School Service

We will initially work with your designated manager to develop a Service Level Agreement. 

In-school counselling service

Subsequently, a liaison person who can facilitate referrals and be the conduit for service reporting, will be required. This might be the Family Worker/ SENCO or Pastoral Support Manager. 

From then on your counsellor will integrate and establish themselves within your school and develop a strong working relationship with your staff.

We will need a confidential room to use regularly; preferably in a quiet location within the school.


To discover how KCS counsellors can start supporting the students in your school, college, or university, please call us on 07837 254 296 or contact us online today.